No,you have no entitlement to unemployment benefit because as an AE you have not contributed to that fund. FWIW I think it's the same in the UK and in fact most countries - self employed people have no entitlement to unemployment benefit.
Depending on your family circumstances you may be entitled to other benefits. You could make an appointment with the Assistante Sociale for your commune and discuss this with him/her.
(The link provided seems to be about starting up a micro when you are currently in receipt of unemployment benefit - don't be misled.)