When to use nouveau and neuf?

I’m sure there is a very simple explanation for this. I never really know when to use neuf and when to use nouveau.

Any help gratefully received.

What about nouvel, nouvelle and nouveaux?

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You can think of it as neuf= never yet used, brand new.
Nouveau = unprecedented, if you like. New to you.
Il a une nouvelle moto. Elle est neuve? Non, d’occasion.

Propre comme un sou neuf - clean as a newly-minted coin.
Le nouvel an - we haven’t had it before.


Elle a un nouveau vélo. Le vélo, il est neuf.

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Very useful David, thanks.

Thanks for that Vero.

We built a maison neuf but we bought une nouvelle voiture d’occasion (ie second hand)

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