There’s also a huge difference in the number of staff - eg. over 40% more French nurses than UK (per capita). My Dad spent a lot of time in UK hospitals in 2019 - in the months before his death - all were very obviously seriously understaffed - and one regularly relying on Red Cross volunteers to actually treat people in A&E! Over the previous few years I had spent a lot of time in my local hospital here in France - believe me, there was absolutely no comparison between UK and French hospitals, even before the pandemic.
Johnson has obviously - and predictably - made a complete hash of things - the ‘cronyism’, the madness of ‘eat out to help out’, etc - but to be fair the NHS was ruined by previous Tories, and it is this that has shaped many of the Johnson government’s responses to the pandemic.